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Welcome to the HIS 237 (Michigan History) Research Guide
This Research Guide should help users locate all of the various research resources related to Michigan History available through the Delta College Library. Resources can be used on or off campus, but most resources require a Delta College username and password to access from off campus.
"Logging a big load, Michigan, c.1880-99 (b/w photo)." In Bridgeman Images: The Bridgeman Art Library, edited by Bridgeman Images. Bridgeman, 2014. http://ezproxy.delta.edu:2048/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/bridgeart/logging_a_big_load_michigan_c_1880_99_b_w_photo/0?institutionId=2952
Topic Background - Reference Resources
Reference Resources include materials like Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, Thesauri and Atlas's. They can be a great introduction to a topic and can help you become familiar with the keywords, names and events associated with your topic!
Try these online reference resources from the Library.
CQ Researcher is a resource for original, comprehensive reporting and analysis on issues in the news. Each single-themed, 12,000-word report is researched and written by a seasoned journalist and includes a pro/con debate by representatives of opposing positions.
It is helpful to break your topic down into keywords that you can plug into the databases. Searching with full sentences does not turn out well. Try something like this:
My research topic is how did disease affect soldiers in the civil war?
I would pull out my keywords and think of synonyms.
American Civil War
Civil War, 1861-1865
disease or diseases
This video from Portland State University demonstrates using a good search strategy for library databases.
Identifying Scholarly or Peer-Reviewed Articles
A scholarly or peer-reviewed article or source usually has a few key features:
An article was published in a peer-reviewed journal, meaning a group of peers or an editorial board reviewed the article before publication.
A book was published by a scholarly press (University of Michigan, Harvard, Yale)
The book or article author is an academic who works at a College or University or has established credentials (PhD, etc.)
Peer review is the process by which scholarly articles are vetted by experts in a discipline, who critique an article’s methodology, findings, and reasoning. Editors of scholarly journals use the peer review process to decide which articles to publish, and the academic world relies on the peer review process to validate scholarly articles.
What is a Primary Source?
Primary Sources are materials that contain firsthand accounts of events and that created at the time of the events or later recalled by an eyewitness (note: these items don't have to look "old", they can be transcripts of original material). Examples Include:
Government, church and business records
Motion Pictures and videos
Maps and land records
Original Research (can be journal articles) and Data
What is a Secondary Source?
Secondary Sources describe, discuss, interpret, comment upon, analyze, evaluate, summarize, and process primary sources. Secondary source materials can be articles in newspapers or popular magazines, book or movie reviews, or articles found in scholarly journals that discuss or evaluate someone else's original research. Examples include:
Magazine and some journal articles (articles with original research data are primary)
What is a Tertiary Source?
Tertiary Sources contain information that has been compiled from primary and secondary sources. Examples include:
Dictionaries and Encyclopedias
Indexes and Abstracts
Borrowing from another Library
Find a great book or article that the Library doesn't own? Request to borrow it from another Library! It's free and takes about a week. Materials are either available to pick up from the Circulation desk or are emailed directly to you.
This tutorial is designed for writers new to APA Style. Learn the basics of seventh edition APA Style, including paper elements, format, and organization; academic writing style; grammar and usage; bias-free language; mechanics of style; tables and figures; in-text citations, paraphrasing, and quotations; and reference list format and order.